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    东升官方开户【ryatur.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。阿克苏粕椅信息技术有限公司(原宝鸡殴严钟科技)成立于1997年,占地面积11709平方米,亚游官方游戏其中生产厂房占地4101平方米,仓库面积占地6626平方米。固定资产3524万元,流动资产7411万元,干部职工共453人,工程技术人员10人。东升官方开户Accordingtothestatisticalmethodoninternationalpayment,%in2005,ofwhichtheimportandexportrespectivelyincreasedby28%and18%.Sothemostdirectcauseofthegoodstradesurplusin2005wagrowthandthehugeproductioncapacityduetofastdomesticinvestmentincreasehaveaddedpress,whichareconducivetoexportexpansion,,thechangesintheexpectationofRMBappreciatitionandtheboomingrealestatemarket,someenterprisestransferredoverseascapitalintotheterritorythrough"declaringmorethantheactualexportamount"or"lessthantheactualimportamount"inorde"capitalaccount"tradesurplusincreaseinarelativelylongperiodoftime(2001-2005).Accordingtothecalculationofthecustomsstatistics(SeeTable3),wecandrawthefollowingconclusions,first,privateandforeign-investedenterprisessawfastestincreaseoftradesurplus,con%%;openingofforeigntradeoperationr,intermsofmodeoftrade,processingtradeisth%.ItshowsthatthetradeexpansionduetotheglobalindustrialdistributionchangesandgraduallyintensifieddeepprocessinghaveledtotheconstantincreaseofChina’,country(region)-specific,thegrowthofforeigntradesurplusintheleadingEuropeanandAmericancountriesisamaincauseoftheoverallincrease,%%.Atthesametime,thetradedeficitofJapan,,theRepublicofKorea,,intermsofmaincommodities,commoditiesclassifiedbyrawmaterials,machineryandequipmentandmiscellaneousproductsunderthefinishedindustrialproductsarethemainsourcesoftradesurplus,%,%%.Theyincludethelabor-intensiveproductswithwhichChinahastraditionalcompetitiveedgeaswellasthemachineryproductsmadeunderthemodeofproce,thesustainedsurplushasbeenaresultofChina’sdeepeningofreformandopeningup,traditionalcompetitiveadvantages,industrialtransferoftransnationalc,ithasbeenbroughtaboutbyglobalization.ByZhangQiXuHongqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo195,othesimplificationandharmonizationofinternational,enhancetradeefficiencyandproduceimmenseeconomicefficiency,tradefacilitationhasalwaysbeenanimportanttooladoptedactivelyby(WTO)hasnospecialagreementontradefacilitation,,tradefacilitationhasbeenincorporatedintothenegotiationsoftheDohaDe:cilitation;mentingbroaderplansfortradefacilitation-relatedtechnicalassistanceandabilitybuilding;,tradeandinvestmentfacilitationhasb,thetradetransactioncostbetweenallmemberswouldbecutby5%duringthe2002~2006periodandtradefacilitationwillaffectfourmajorareas:customsprocedures,standardsandunification,,theleadersofvariouscountriesjointlyputforwardtheActionPlanII,underwhichtheintra-regionaltradetransactioncostwouldbecutbyanother5%,theyexpressedinterestinwidertradefacilitationssuchastheimprovementofdomesticrulesandsystems,riouscountries,,theyincludethetradeingoods,thetradeinservices,tationinthefreetradearrangementsignedrespectivelybyChina,,JapanandSouthKoreaSofar,asHongKongandMacao,ChinahassignedfreetradeagreementswithASEAN,Chile,Pakistan,NewZealand,,,ChinahasjustconcludedinvestmentnegotiationswithASEANandsignedaninvestmentagreementinAugustthisyear,sFTAtradeingoodsincludedtheprovisionson"investment",andanadditionalprotocolwassignedinOctober2008,whichwoulddefinetherulesontheestablishmentoftheChina-PakistanInvestmentAreatopromoteinvestmentcooperation(withintheChina-PakistanFreeTradeArea,thisadditionalprotocolwouldgivepriorityconsiderationtotariffconcessionstothegoodsproducedintheHaier-RubaEconomicZoneandotherChina-Pakistaninvestmentareasandthegoodsthetwosideshaveinteresttoexport).China-NewZealandFreeTradeAgreementwasthefirstcomprehensivefreetradeagreementChinahassignedtocovertheareasoftradeingoods,,China,SingaporeandPeruhaveadoptedth。

    ByChengGuoqiang,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DRCResearchReportNo43,2009Inspurringdomesticconsumption,tpolicymeasureforChinatocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandensuresteadyeconomicdevelopment,butalsoalong-termstrategicoptionforthecountrytopromotethechangeofitsmodeof,theprominentproblemsaret,fullytappingthehugepotentialofruralconsumermarketisvitallyi,rgoodsinChina,theensuingtrillion-yuang~2007period,thetotalretailofconsumergoodsintheruralareaswentuponanaverageannualrateof13%,whichwasvisiblyhigherthanthe8%postedduringthe1994~,theEngelcoefficientforChina%in2000andtheirpercapitanetincomereached2,,ruralconsumptionwillenteraperiodofrapidgrowthafterthepercapitanetincomeofpeasantsexceeds3,000yuanandtheEngelcoefficient(namelytheratiooffoodspendingtototalfamilyconsumption)dropsbelow50%.Ourpreliminaryjudgmentisthatsince2004,theconsumptionbyChina7thCPCCentralCommitteesetthegoalthatby2020,thepercapitanetpeasantincomewilldoublethe2008level,thelevelofruralconsump,thepercapitanetpeasantincomeshouldatleastreach8,%,ruralconsumermarketisexpectedtoreach5trillionyuanin2020,or74%,theirpurchasingpowerwillgro,paredwith2000,%%.Buttheratiooftran%%%%.Thismeanstheruralresidentsareinatransitionfromfood,residenceandother,%over2000,%,%,%,%,,homeappliances,mobilephones,computersandotherhighandmiddle-endconsumergoodshavebecomethehotspotsofpeasantconsumption,suggestingthattheconsumptionofruralresidentsinadditionalconsumerspendingbytheruralpopulationwillbringabouttwo-yuanconsumerdemandforthewholeeconomyandthateachpercentagepointgrowthinthepopularizationofanyhom,onceruralconsumermarketistrulymotivated,allySinceChinalaunchedthe"RuralMarketProject"in2005,atotalof2,300enterpriseshaveestablishedtheirruralcirculationnetworksin80%,Chinahas300,000ruralchainstoresand367ruralcommoditydistributioncenters,whichcover80%,ersandthecommercialformsofsupermarkets,conveniencestoresanddemonstrationstoresmovefromtheurbantotheruralareas,thepeasantsinmanyplaceshavebidfarewelltotheirtraditionalmodeofconsumptionthattheyhadtogotoindividualvendorsfordailynecessities,,thestatewillofferfiscalsubsidiestothenationwide"HomeAppliancesforCountryside"ofthehomeapplianceandrelatedindustries,butalsocanhelpimprovetheproductionandlivingconditionso,ChinastillfacesmanydifficultiesandchallengeswhenittriestoconarkethavebecomeaprofoundcontradictionandafundamentalprobleminChina:,,forexample,%ofthecountrystotal,%,,thetotalurbanretailofconsumergoodssurpassedtheruralretail,,,whichaccountedfortwo-thirdsofthenationaltotal,,rapidurbanizationhasledtoareductioninruralpopulationandanincreaseinurbanmigra~2007period,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthedisposableincomeofChina%,whi%.::1in1985,::,regionaldi,,itwillbecomeincreasinglydifficulttonarrowtheincomegapsbetweentheurbanandruralregionsandbetweendifferentregionsasaresultofthedevelopmentofChina...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.10-200米Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.。

    澳门威尼斯人体育手机app下载LiuShijin,YuBin,ZhangLiqun,YangJianlong,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengFangJinThereweresignstharnmentanditsgradualeffect,theen,weshouldattachgreatimportanttoissuessuchassharpeningemploymentcontradictionsrelatedtoeconomicoperation,dramaticdeclineofenterprisesperformance,inflationarypressurerelatedtotheswiftgrowthofcreditf,macroeconomicpoliciesshouldfocusonpromotingthereboundofmarket-drivendomesticdemand,whilemaintainingthescopeandeffectivenessofgovernmentinvestments,avoidingasecondrincethesecondhalfof2008,%%,whichwasnotonlyduetotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandaconspicuousslowergrowthofworldeconomy,butalsorelatedtothefactthatdomesticleadingsectors,suchasrealestateandautoindustries,entereda,thedevelopmentpatternonwhicheconomicgrowthhasbeenrelyingforalongperiodoftimewasbolsteredbylowpriceandhighinvestmentofelements,suchaslaborforce,landandresources,soitbecomesdifficulttokeepitsustainedwhensignificantchangestakeplaceininternationalanddomesticsituation,,thegro,thechangeinmarketexpectationsandreflectionofenterprises,theover-pessimisticexpectationsweregraduallymultiplied,andthemark,heavyindustrywhichholdsaconsiderablysignificant,lotsofintermediateproductsandlargeinvestmentdemand,oncetheultimatedemandshrinks,itseffectwillspreadalongtheindustrialc,withahighforeigntradedependenceratio,pricesofcommoditiesagainstthebackgroundoffinancialspeculationininternationalmarketsdramaticallydeclinedandimposedsevereimpactsondomesticpricesystem,whichgeneratedthephenomenonof"over-adjustment",differentfrompreviousones,wasbasedontheconditionsofChina,enterp,lackingofcareformarketchanges,imulusmeasuresaccordingtothechangesininternationalanddomesticeconomicsituation,includingdramaticallyincreasingfinancialinputandimplementingstructuraltaxreduction,establishingamassiveplanforindustryadjustmentandreinvigoration,providingvigoroussupporttoscien,,,i,somekeyindicators,s,,%.Fourth,thedeclineofoutputandsalesvolumeofkeyproducts,suchaspowergeneration,rawcoal,cement,steel,,lastQ4andQ1in2009,thesituationofmajoreconomiessuchastheUnitedStates,,domesticinvestmentandconsumptiondemandsaretobefurtherlaunched,andthedownwardpre,%,th%yearonyear,%,theresultofaquestionnaireconductedbyChineseEntrepreneurSurveySystemonover1,000entrepreneursshowedthatover50%ofentrep,someeconomicindicatorsarereturningtonormalintheshortrun,overalleconomicoperationispreliminarilystabilizing,eryoftheOverallEconomyThefactorsinfluencingeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearcanbeobservedfromthreeaspectsincludingforeigndemand,tent,,therecoveryofmarket-d,butthepossibilityoffurtherslideisnotexcludedForeigndemanddramaticallydeclinedowingtotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandeconomicrecession,anditisinevitableforChina,foreignimportersdramaticallycompressedstockinordertolowermarketrisksandreducetied-upfunds,,theexchangerateofsomecountriesdramaticallydepreciated,whichdamagedthecompetitivenessofChinasexportreportednegativegrowthonayear-on-yearbasisinlastNovember,,processingtrade-orientedITproductsbecamethemainfactorthatdraggedexportslide,whilethedeclineofexportvolumeoflightindustryandtextileproducts,suchasgarments,shoes,,,thankstotheincreasedexportrebateratesforlabor-intensiveproducts,thereisasignificantreboundinexports,,,exportsinprocessingtradedroppedlessthanthatinJan,,Americancommoditiesandothershopsfordailynecessities,exclusiveboutiquesforclothing,furniturestoresandnon-fuelcommoditiesofWal-Mart%,%,%%,asdevelopedcountrieshavetakeneconomicstimulusplansinsuccession,ifprivateconsumptionceasestoslip,inventoryadjustmentsofoverseasretailerswillbecompletedinthesecondquarter,,whileexportgrowthdramaticallysloweddowninbothJanuaryandFebruary,%yearonyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:LiuShijin,JinRenqing,:ofthetaskforceparticipatedinthediscussion.ByLinJiabin,,,urbanpopulationhasgrownfrom170milliontonearly600million,,,thefixedassetsinvestmentinurbanareasduringthe1998~,,however,Chinaalsowentthroughaperiodbeforeitsreformandopeningup,duringwhichurbandevelopm,theoldurbandistrictsinmanycitieshavelotsofr,inbothmagnitudeandintensity,theproblemofcityrenewal,scityrenewal,shistoricalandculturallandscapeAfterWorldWarII,somefamouscitiesintheWesterncountries,suchasParis,London,MunichandNewYork,,damagedorundamagedbythewar,enseofhistoryandthehumantouch,ueanddynamicbuildingsandalsothecityculture,“cityrenewal”,,Chi,,atotalof161millionsquaremetersofhousesweredemolished,%ofthe390millionsquaremetersofmarket-tradedhousescompletedinthatyear(LiZhonghui:Massdemolitionandmassconstruction:painsandregrestofChinesecities,PeoplesDaily,,2005).Inthecourseofmassdemolitionandmassconstruction,manyhistoricalbuildingsweredestroyed,includingthosewhichhadhighhistoricalvaluesandwhoserese,somehistoricalandculturalcitieslosttheirmostrepresent,andeventheBritishnewspaperFinancialTimesalsocarriedacommentaryonJune20,,Chinasolddistrictrenovation,thegovernmentinvestedvirtuallynofundsandmainlyreli,oftheresidents,theoldurbandistrictswithprimelocations,lowpopulationandbuildingdensityandgooddevelopmentprospectoftenbecamethefirsttoberenovated,whilethesectionswithout-of-the-waylocationsandahighdensityofdangeroushousesdrewnobodyamshacklehousesintheoldurbandistricts,themajorstakeholdersincludedtheresidents,thegovernment,thedevelopersandthegroupsandindividualsdevotedtooldtownpreservation(hereinafterthepreservationpeople).Differentstakeholdershaddifferentinterestpursuit,thedevelopershadsharpcontradictionswiththeresidhacklehouserenovationprojectsmusteachstrikeafundbalanceandastherelocationexpensesandcompensationsroseyearafteryear,thedevelopersmustfocusonthehigh-intensityandhigh-densitydevelopm,hotelsandcommercialfacilitiesfurtherconcentratedintheolddistricts,thusoverburdeningthesenofthehistoricallandscapesofthesedistrisecurityofthelow-incomegroupsnorthepreservationofthecommonhum,,manycitiesinChinahavefailedtoproperlyhandletherelationsbetweenthegovernmentandthemarketinthecourseofexecutingtheramshacklehouserenovationprojectsintheoldurban,profitmaximizationbecametheprimarygoalandthepublic-interestgoalssuchasthepreservationofcitylandscapesandculturalandhistoricalsitesandtheimprovementofths,urbandistrictshavebeenregardedasthebasicunitsforrundowndistrictrenovationsanouldmobilizetheinitiativeofthedistrictgovernments,thelowstatusofthesedi,thesedistrictshavetoworkalonetosolvetheissuesofdemolition,intoahighlyintensivedevelopmentactandmadeitdifficulttoaccommodateboththepreservationofhistoricalandculturallandscapesandtherenovationoframshacklehouses....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLongGuoqiang,Re,2008Chinasprocessingtrade,whichwasinitiatedin1979,nowaccountsforhalfofthecountryngandupgradingofprocessingtrade,,itisofmajorpracticalsignificancetosummarizethehistoricalexperienceindevelopingprocessingtradeandtoconsiderthedirectionofandpolicyonthefuturerestructuringandupgradingofprocessingtradeatatisOpening-upStrategyAfterChinabeganreformandopeningup,itadjusteditseconomicdevelopmentstrategy,switchingfromthe"importsubstitution"strategyundertheplannedeconomytothestrategyof"combiningimportsubstitutionwithexportorientation".Inotherwords,thecapitalandtechnology-intensivesectorswouldcontinuetopursuetheimportsubstitutionstrategy,whiexchangesfortheimportsubstitutionsectorstoimporttechnologies,,thecoregoalofChina"earningforeignexchangesthroughexport",China,thegovernmentadopteddiversemeasurestoencourageexport-orientedprojects,suchasestablishingspecialeconomiczones,improvinginfrastructure,offeringpreferentialta,itsetperformancerequirementsfortheforeign-investedprojects,mainlyconcerninglocalcontents,,itcuttheincometaxbyhalffortheexport-orientedenterprises(whoseexportexceeded70%ofitsoutputvalue).OneoensiveindustriesinJapanandotherEastAsianemergenteconomieswerelooki"massimportsandmassexports".TheymustimporttheirrawmaterialsandsparepainvestedprojectsbecameakeyfactorforwhetherChinacouldseizetheoppor,Chinasimportsubstitutionsectorsst,hightariffsandothertradebarriersobstrueensurethelow-costoperationsinChinaoftheexport-orientedforeign-investedprojectsTheChinesegovernmentintroducedapolicyonprocessingtrade,whichmeanttherawmaterialsandsparepartsimportedbyenterprisesforexport-orientedprocessingwereexemptfromtheimportdutiesandimporttaxes(theyweremainlytheproducttaxbefore1994andthevalue-addedtaxandconsumptiontaxlateron).ThispolicyeliminatedtheobstructionofChinashightariesticindustries,thedepartmentsinchargeofcustoms,inspectionandquarantinealsoconstantlyimprovedtheirregulations,greatlyfaci,,Chinahasbeenthelargestforeigninvestmentattractoramongthedevelopingcountriesintheworld,withit,,71%,Chinaimposedvar,mostoftheforeigninvestmentsinChina%,ChinacouldnothavebeensosuccesssprocessingtradehasplayedtangiblerolesindevelopingChina,theindustrializationandeconomicdevelopmentofdevelopingcountriesisrestrictedbylowexportcompetitiveness,whichresultedfromlowcomp,Chinahasisesintechnology,management,equipment,marketingchannelsandbrandswiththecountrysadvantagesinlabor,landcostandinfrastructure,ChinaturneditselfrsexportandbecomethemostimportantformofChinasForeignTrade(2007)东升官方开户重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByZhangLiqun,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengLuZhongyuan,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCInthefirsthalfoftheyear,th,thebottleneckrestraintswerealleviated,employmentincreased,themarketpriceswerekeptatareasonablelevel,theoveralleconomicbenefitoftheenterprisesturnedoutgood,,issuesliketheexcessivelyfastincreaseofinvestment,theexcessofmonetaryaggregates,theaggravationofthebalanceofpaymentsdisequilibrium,andthesoaringofhousingpricesbyabigmargininsomeofthecities,existedinthecourseoftheeconomicperformance,whichformedtheunderlyingthreatsagainstthest,economy%orsoandthathouseholdconsumerpriceindexwillrisewithintherateof2%.ngtopreliminarycalculation,,%year-on-year,edvalueof3968billionyuan,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,,%year-on-year,%withthepricefactorbeingdeducted,,,investment,consumptionandexternaldemandgrewsimultaneouslyandrapidly,,supportedbythehighgrowthofinvestmentovertheyears,heavyindustriesandinfrastructureimprovedrapidly,bottleneckrestraintssuchasironandsteel,cement,nonferrousmetals,coal,electricityandtransportationweregraduallyalleviated,,theyear,%;%year-on-year;pricesforrawmaterials,%year-on-year,,industrialenterpri,up28%,,but,financial%,addingarevenueof309billionyuan,,,fulfilling56%and36%oftheyearuouscontradictionsincurrenteconomicperformancemainlyappearasfollows:,%,year-on-year,senttheChineseeconomyisstandingatthestageofmediumatmentgrowthisshrinkingin2006,itcanbeanalyzedonthebasisofthemediumandlong-termcyclical,98900newprojectswerestarted,adding18300onesoverlastyear;theplannedtotalinvestmentinthenewly-startedprojectsamountsto3650billionyuan,%year-on-year,,,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothemal"11thFive-yearPlan",andistheyearinwhichininvestmentandeconomicactivities,andtheyhavebeenveryenthusiasticinseekingprojectsandintroduciealestatedevelopment,une,balanceofthebroadenedmoneysupply(M2)hadamountedto32280billionyuan,%year-on-year,(M1)hadamountedto11230billionyuan,%year-on-year,,ifthewholeyearsGDPgrows10%,the:1,anapparentincreaseascomparedwiththatin2005(:1).Itsuggests,China,thecentralbank,byusingthehedgingonpublicmarket,,asforeignexchangecontinuedtoflowin,,thelargeamountsofbankpapersformedinthehedgingwillbeco,investmentsinvariousaspectshaveshownanupsurgingenthusiasmandthereisaboomingdemandforloans;bankspaymoreattentiontothefundprofitmarginandtheirinitiativeinreleaseofloanshasbecomehigher,,balanceofthevariouskindsofRMBloansamountedto21530billionyuan,%year-on-year,,theRNBloansincreasedby2180billionyuan,,ofwhich,,,andthemediumandlong-termloansincreasedby851billionyuan,,moneysupplygrewexcessivelyfast,withthemediumandlong-termloansinparticularstillshowingamomentumofrapiddevelopmentand,togetherwiththehighenthusiasmininvestment,itexertedanon-negligibleinfluenceonthestabilityofthemacro-economy.ByChengGuoqiang,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DRCResearchReportNo43,2009Inspurringdomesticconsumption,tpolicymeasureforChinatocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandensuresteadyeconomicdevelopment,butalsoalong-termstrategicoptionforthecountrytopromotethechangeofitsmodeof,theprominentproblemsaret,fullytappingthehugepotentialofruralconsumermarketisvitallyi,rgoodsinChina,theensuingtrillion-yuang~2007period,thetotalretailofconsumergoodsintheruralareaswentuponanaverageannualrateof13%,whichwasvisiblyhigherthanthe8%postedduringthe1994~,theEngelcoefficientforChina%in2000andtheirpercapitanetincomereached2,,ruralconsumptionwillenteraperiodofrapidgrowthafterthepercapitanetincomeofpeasantsexceeds3,000yuanandtheEngelcoefficient(namelytheratiooffoodspendingtototalfamilyconsumption)dropsbelow50%.Ourpreliminaryjudgmentisthatsince2004,theconsumptionbyChina7thCPCCentralCommitteesetthegoalthatby2020,thepercapitanetpeasantincomewilldoublethe2008level,thelevelofruralconsump,thepercapitanetpeasantincomeshouldatleastreach8,%,ruralconsumermarketisexpectedtoreach5trillionyuanin2020,or74%,theirpurchasingpowerwillgro,paredwith2000,%%.Buttheratiooftran%%%%.Thismeanstheruralresidentsareinatransitionfromfood,residenceandother,%over2000,%,%,%,%,,homeappliances,mobilephones,computersandotherhighandmiddle-endconsumergoodshavebecomethehotspotsofpeasantconsumption,suggestingthattheconsumptionofruralresidentsinadditionalconsumerspendingbytheruralpopulationwillbringabouttwo-yuanconsumerdemandforthewholeeconomyandthateachpercentagepointgrowthinthepopularizationofanyhom,onceruralconsumermarketistrulymotivated,allySinceChinalaunchedthe"RuralMarketProject"in2005,atotalof2,300enterpriseshaveestablishedtheirruralcirculationnetworksin80%,Chinahas300,000ruralchainstoresand367ruralcommoditydistributioncenters,whichcover80%,ersandthecommercialformsofsupermarkets,conveniencestoresanddemonstrationstoresmovefromtheurbantotheruralareas,thepeasantsinmanyplaceshavebidfarewelltotheirtraditionalmodeofconsumptionthattheyhadtogotoindividualvendorsfordailynecessities,,thestatewillofferfiscalsubsidiestothenationwide"HomeAppliancesforCountryside"ofthehomeapplianceandrelatedindustries,butalsocanhelpimprovetheproductionandlivingconditionso,ChinastillfacesmanydifficultiesandchallengeswhenittriestoconarkethavebecomeaprofoundcontradictionandafundamentalprobleminChina:,,forexample,%ofthecountrystotal,%,,thetotalurbanretailofconsumergoodssurpassedtheruralretail,,,whichaccountedfortwo-thirdsofthenationaltotal,,rapidurbanizationhasledtoareductioninruralpopulationandanincreaseinurbanmigra~2007period,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthedisposableincomeofChina%,whi%.::1in1985,::,regionaldi,,itwillbecomeincreasinglydifficulttonarrowtheincomegapsbetweentheurbanandruralregionsandbetweendifferentregionsasaresultofthedevelopmentofChina...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.creaseinfoodstuffswillnottriggeroffawidespreadpriceriseThepriorityofmacroeconomicpoliciesfrom2003hasbeenfocusedoncurbingexcessivelyfastgrowthofinvestmentdemandandstimulatingdomesticconsumption,,effortswereinitiatedtocontrolgrowthofexports,especiallyexportofresource-processedproductsandhighlyenergy-consumingandh,~2006,installedgeneratingcapacitygrewby59%,coalby43%,%,crudesteelby91%,andnon-ferrousmetalby56%.Therapidgrowthofrawcoal,generatingcapacity,pigiron,crudesteel,,,withearnesteffortsmadetoimplementthecurrentmacroeconomicpolicies,,astheconsumptiondemanddependsuponresidentincomelevel,incomeexpectationandfamilybudget,,thegradualappreciationofRMBandgrowinglyvisibleroleofpoliciesgoverningexportofresource-processedproductsandhighlyenergy-consumingandhighlyenviupsupplycapability,thesupply-demandaggregaterelationismovingtowardsfundament,whilepricesofproductionmeansfallback,the,priceincreasesonandcirculationofagriculturalproductsProminentproblemsinclude:first,increasedagricu,productionmeansandlandareontherise,pricesofagriculturalproductsareindownturn,constituti,intensifiedfluctuationsinagricusarevulnerabletoattacksfromnaturaldisastersandepidemics,anunsou,fluctuationsininternationalmarketshaveexertedincreasinginfluenceupondomesticagriculturalproductmarketssinceChina,backwardagriculturalpsfromlowspecializationandlowsystematization;theout-of-datelogisticssystemandtrademodesofagriculturalproducts,asymmetricalmarketinformation,unmatchedproductionandmarketingperformancewilljointlystimulateorrestrainproductioninanimproperway,,morelivepigswereraised,,withincreasingrisksofepidemicsanddiseases,thenumberofpigsraisedsawaplungeacrossthecountry,spoliciescanonceagainleadtoexce,thesupply-demandrelationofagriculturalproducralproductmarketsandthesituationinwhich“stapleagriculturalproductsareinfundamentalequilibriumandsurpluscanbeexpectedinabumperharvestyear”ure,mostagriculturalproductsareintightenedsupply-demandrelationandparticularly,soybeansandvegetableoilsareundersupplied,,periodicalfluctuationsofagriculturalproducts(especiallyfoodstuffs)ctsupplyanddemandrelationandincirculationpatternoffoodmarkets,howtoimproveproductionandcirculationpracticesofagriculturalproductsandhowtostabilizefoodprices....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghui,ChenDaofu,(1)OpeningpolicyonmarketaccesstoforeigninstitutionsWhenjoiningtheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO),Chinamadecommitmentsinfiveareasincludingformofincorporation,geographicscope,businessscope,nstitutionsinChinaintheformofjoint-venturecompaniesbutwouldnotbeallowedtohavemorethan50%equityholding;foreignnon-lifeinsurancecompanieswouldbeallowedtoestablishbranches,joint-venturecompaniesandwholly-ownedsubsidiarycompanies.—Thegeographicrestriction,whichhadlimitedforeigninsurancecompaniestoShanghai,Guangzhou,Dalian,ShenzhenandFushanbeforeChinasWTOaccession,,foreigninsurancecompanieswouldbeallowedtoestablishsubsidiariesinanypartofChina.—Withregardtobusinessscope,foreignlifeinsurancecompanies,whichhadbeenlimitedtooperatinglifeinsurancebusinessforforeignersandforChinesewhopersonallypaidpremiums,wouldbeallowedtoprovidepersonallifeinsuranceservice,healthinsurance,groupinsuranceandpension/,whichhadbeenlimitedtooperatingpropertyinsurancebusinessforoverseasenterprisesandoperatingpropertyinsuranceandrelatedliabilityinsurance,creditinsurance,masterpolicyandmajorcommercialinsuranceforforeign-investedenterprisesinChina,wouldbeallowedtooperateallinsurancebusinessesexceptmandatoryinsurancelines(third-partyliabilityinsuranceformotorvehiclesandliabilityinsuranceforthedriversandcarriersofcommercialtransportvehicles).—Foreignreinsurancecompanieswouldbesubjecttoneithertherestrictionontheformofincorporationnortherestrictionongeographiclocationandtherestrictiononthenumberofbusinesslicenses.—Withregardtotheconditionsofincorporation,foreigninsuranceinstitu$200millionintotalassets,higherthanthe10-million-yuanpaid-upcapitalrequiredforaChinesecompany.—Withregardtothequalificationofforeignshareholders,theywouldhavetomeettherequirementsoftotalassetsandbusinesshistory(ashareholdermusthaveoperatedinsurancebusinessformorethan30years,itstotalassetsattheendoftheyearbeforeincorporationapplicationshouldnotbelessthanUS$5billion,andtheapplicanthashadarepresentativeofficeinChinaformorethantwoyears).TheinsuranceindustryhasthesamerequirementforforeigncapitalparticipationinChineseinsurancecompaniesasthebankingindustrydoes,namelytheinvestmentinaChinesefinancialinstitutionbyasingleoverseasfinancialinstitutionshouldnotexceed20%andthetotalshareholdingbyforeigncapitalshouldnotexceed25%.—The20%mandatorycedingtoaChinesereinsurancecompanyatthetimewhenChinajoinedtheWTOwouldbelifted.(2)OpeningpolicyonthecontrolofoperationalactivitiesofinsurancecompaniesWithregardtothecontrolovertheoperationalactivitiesofinsurancecompanies,foreigncompaniesarecurre:—,thebasictermsandpremiumratesofmajorcommercialieterms,ndapprovingthetermsandpremiumratesofmandatoryinsurance,guaranteedinsurancewithaperiodofmorethanoneyear,,%orlower.—,treasurybondsandfinancialbonds,thecommissionalsoallowedinsurancefundstoinvestincorporatebonds,securitiesinvestmentfundsanddirectlyinvestinstockmarkets,,itraisedtheratioofinvestinginsuranceassetsinstockmarketsfrom5%to10%ofthetotalassets,allowedinsurancecompaniestouse15%oftheirtotalassetsforoverseasinvestment,andexpandedthescopeofoverseasinvestmentfromthefixed-earningcategorytoshares,,thecommissionestablishedarelativelyhighthresholdforhigh-riskinvestmentandencouragedsmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompaniestocarryoutentrustedinvestmentthrought,mostsmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompanieshavenoqualificationfordirectstockinvestmentexceptnineChinese-investedinsuranceassetsmanagementcompaniesandthespecially-approvedAssetManagementCenterofChinaRegionofAmericanInternationalAssuranceCo.,,aninsurancecompanymusthaveatleast10billionyuanintotalassetsandthereforesmall-andmedium-sizedinsurancecompanies,bothChineseandforeign,aredifficulttoacquirethisqualification.—,ChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionpromulgatedtheInterimRegulationsontheAdministrationoftheMinimumSolvencyandRegulatoryIndicatorsofInsuranceCompanies,thusbeginninganexperimentonsolvencyregulation,whichusedtherelativelysimple,EU-typefixedratiomodel,(1)ForeigncapitalparticipationinChinasinsuranceindustryForeigncapitalparticipationinChinasinsuranceindustrywasmainlydoneinthreeforms:branchcompanies,Sino-foreignjoint-venturecompaniesandstrategicinvestors,someforeigncapitalenjoyedthedevelopmentfruitofChinasinsuranceindus,atotalof49foreigninsurancecompaniesfrom15countriesandregionsacrosstheworldhadestablishedatotalof161businessinstitutionsinChina(includingthoseunderpreparation).Table1showsthenumbersofChineseandforeigninsurancecompaniesformallyoperatinginChinasinsurancemarketduringthe2004~%ginChinasInsuranceMarket20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByXieFuzhanResearchReportNo307,2006Inrecentyears,theChinesegovernmenthasatt,themacroregulationcapabilityofthecentralgovernmenthasbeencontinuouslyimproved;thegovernmentismorecapableofaddressingmarketdefault;thetransferpaymentsizehasnoticeablyincreasedandthehorizontalfiscalimbalancehasbeingmitigated;governmentsofvariouslevelshaveimprovedbotht,wehavemadecertainachievements,butproblemsstillexistsuchastheunreasonabledivisionofgovernmentadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerandthemismatchbetweenadministrativepowerandfinancialpowerforlocalgovernments,tchingoftheinter-governments’istrativePowerandFinancialPowerDuringthepasttwodecades,:,,,decentralizationcanrefertoeithertheadministrativepowerorthefinancialpower,,itmeansthattheexpenditureresponsibilityisde,itmeansthattheproportionofself-income(self-ownedtaxation)monggovernments,andtheotherisbyadjustingtheself-ownedincome,iousdecentralizationtrend,,wehavenotfoundanycasethatthelower-levelgovernmenthastheself-owned,externaleffectandtaxincentives,thispracticealsoena,from1979to2005,%,ofwhich,%%,%,ofwhich,%%.In2004,%%,whilefortheexpenditure,%%.,thecrucialissueinChinaistoaddressthehorizontalimbalanceofePrerequisitefortheGovernmentstoMakeaProperDivisionofFinancialPowerandAdministrativePowerItismostimportanttoclearlydefinetheroleofgovernme,canwediscussthedi,therehavebeenquiteafewarg,thereformhasbeentoocommercialized,goodsandservices,sinceChinahasahugepopulationandgoodsandwhichlevelofgovernmentshouldbetheprovider,,eveneducationormedicalcarearenottotallypublicgoods,,rketclearly,andtobuildtheexpenditureresponsibilityonthebasisofpublicfinance,thatistosay,accordingtotheinternalrequirementofmarketeconomy,letthepublicfinanceshoulderresponsibilcountrywithacentral,thedivisionofexpenditureresponsibilityisnotclearenoughamongthegovernmentsatthecentral,provincial,,,th,thegrassrootsgovernmentsareburdenedbytoomuchexpenditureresponsibility,sincethegovernmentsofupperlevelsmayassigntasksinanarbitrarywaywithoutgivingsufficientcorrespondingfunding.、东升官方开户用户至上365bet最新网址——Basedonaquestionnaireon230pharmaceuticalenterprisesByWeiJigang,,sPharmaceuticalIndustryCommonlyacknowledgedintheworldasahi-techindustrywithgreatdevelopmentprospects,thepharmaceuticalindustryischaracteristicoffastgrowth,enormousinvestment,substantivereturns,highrisks,highdegreeofinternationalization,markedeffectsofscaleeconomy,significantspillovereffects,sRepublicofChinain1949,andespeciallyovertherecent20-oddyearsafterthecountryinitiatedthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,Chinahasbecomeamajorproducerandexporterofrawmedicinesandtheb,Chinaindependentlydevelopedsomeinnovativedrugs1withinternationalinfluences,spharmaceuticalindustryasawhole,however,hasnotmovedtoanot,ithascontributedfewpatentmedicineswithproprietaryintellectualpropertyright(IPR)andnoinnovativedrugwithinternationalinfluencesinthe,amongthe212brandsofchemicalmedicineswithproprietaryIPRwhichpassedexaminationandapprovalbetween2003and2005,,s230pharmaceuticalenterprisesjointlyconductedbytheResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theEconomicConstructionDepartmentoftheMinistryofFinance,andtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportStatisticsoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChinain2006hasalsorevealedthatonly3percentoftheseenterprisescountedthemselvesashavingcarriedoutorarecarryingoutdevelopmentofmedicinesthatwere‘new,competitioninthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbecomeincreasinglyintenseanddevelopmentofnewmedicineshasbecomeoneofthefocumentofnewmedicinesforthepurittletoxiceffects,minimalsideeffectsandreasonableprice,itwillbeverydifficultforChinaspharmaceuticalindustrytoachiev,theshareoflocalproduce,overhalfoftheChinesepharmaceuticalmarkethasbeentakarmaceuticalindustryfromthestrategicperspectiveofmaintaovationin230pharmaceuticalenterprisesinthecountry,andbytakingintoaccountthemechanismsandsystemscurrentlyservingtheindustrysdevelopment,thispapertriestoanalyzethemainfactorsleadingtotheextremelyinsufficienteffortsoninnovationinChinasph:extremeshortagesoffund,technologyandmanpower,andinappropriateorganizationInordertoinventnewmedicines,apharmaceuticalenterprisehastoputinandrationallyintegratemanykeyelementsincludingfund,technology,manpower,oftheinnovationprocess.(1)spharmaceuticalindustryisnotonlywellbelowthatofdevelopedcountries,,theintensityhasbeendecreasingcontinuouslyinrecentyears,,2006,theRDexpenditureofBritain,andthecorrespondingfiguresinFrance,Japan,,,theRDintensityofthepharmaceutica,market,,therewasnotasinglepharmaceuticalenterpriseintheworld,however,,ChinaspharmaceuticalindustrysufferedacontinuousdeclineinRDintensity,sPharmaceuticalIndustry——Basedonaquestionnaireon230pharmaceuticalenterprisesByWeiJigang,,sPharmaceuticalIndustryCommonlyacknowledgedintheworldasahi-techindustrywithgreatdevelopmentprospects,thepharmaceuticalindustryischaracteristicoffastgrowth,enormousinvestment,substantivereturns,highrisks,highdegreeofinternationalization,markedeffectsofscaleeconomy,significantspillovereffects,sRepublicofChinain1949,andespeciallyovertherecent20-oddyearsafterthecountryinitiatedthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,Chinahasbecomeamajorproducerandexporterofrawmedicinesandtheb,Chinaindependentlydevelopedsomeinnovativedrugs1withinternationalinfluences,spharmaceuticalindustryasawhole,however,hasnotmovedtoanot,ithascontributedfewpatentmedicineswithproprietaryintellectualpropertyright(IPR)andnoinnovativedrugwithinternationalinfluencesinthe,amongthe212brandsofchemicalmedicineswithproprietaryIPRwhichpassedexaminationandapprovalbetween2003and2005,,s230pharmaceuticalenterprisesjointlyconductedbytheResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theEconomicConstructionDepartmentoftheMinistryofFinance,andtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportStatisticsoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChinain2006hasalsorevealedthatonly3percentoftheseenterprisescountedthemselvesashavingcarriedoutorarecarryingoutdevelopmentofmedicinesthatwere‘new,competitioninthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbecomeincreasinglyintenseanddevelopmentofnewmedicineshasbecomeoneofthefocumentofnewmedicinesforthepurittletoxiceffects,minimalsideeffectsandreasonableprice,itwillbeverydifficultforChinaspharmaceuticalindustrytoachiev,theshareoflocalproduce,overhalfoftheChinesepharmaceuticalmarkethasbeentakarmaceuticalindustryfromthestrategicperspectiveofmaintaovationin230pharmaceuticalenterprisesinthecountry,andbytakingintoaccountthemechanismsandsystemscurrentlyservingtheindustrysdevelopment,thispapertriestoanalyzethemainfactorsleadingtotheextremelyinsufficienteffortsoninnovationinChinasph:extremeshortagesoffund,technologyandmanpower,andinappropriateorganizationInordertoinventnewmedicines,apharmaceuticalenterprisehastoputinandrationallyintegratemanykeyelementsincludingfund,technology,manpower,oftheinnovationprocess.(1)spharmaceuticalindustryisnotonlywellbelowthatofdevelopedcountries,,theintensityhasbeendecreasingcontinuouslyinrecentyears,,2006,theRDexpenditureofBritain,andthecorrespondingfiguresinFrance,Japan,,,theRDintensityofthepharmaceutica,market,,therewasnotasinglepharmaceuticalenterpriseintheworld,however,,ChinaspharmaceuticalindustrysufferedacontinuousdeclineinRDintensity,sPharmaceuticalIndustryByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,、DVORByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo108,tionExpectationIncreasestheShort-TermPressureuponForeignExchangeGrowthThecurrenttradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStates,industrialcapitalintheUnitedStatesbegantomovetothedeve"doubledeficits"andasChinahasbecomeoneofthefastest-growingeconomiesintheworldnotedforitssoundinvestmentenvironmentandcheaplaborforce,,theUnitedStatesasadevelopedcountryhasbecomeadebtorcountryandhasbeenbothecurrenthighrateofeconomicgrowth,,whatcanbechangedisthatthetradeimbalancebetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesisreplacedbythetrad,itissafetosaythatsolongasChinacontinuestomaintainitssoundpolicyenvironment,itstradeimbalancew,thegrowthofChinahasindicatedthatthesharpgrowthofChinasforeignexchangereserveinthepasttwoyederalReservewhenitwasledbyitsformerchairmanAlanGreenspan,,mostinterna,theamountofChinassurplusofforeignexchavechangedfromoutflowintoinflow,whichshowsadistinctchangeinthestructureofChinanexcheserveInessence,foreignexchangereserveisatypeofliquida,exsforeignexchangereservehasbeencontinuouslyrisingtothecurrentlevelofmorethan850billiondollars,,money,ins,,itwillboostth,itmayundercutt,itisunfavoraionalsavingshavesettledinthecourseofeconomicact,moneyisurgentlyneededtosolvemanydifficulthistoricalproblemsleftoverinthecourseofreformssuchastheissueofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,thedevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thehugeamountofnonperformingloansoffina,lendingmoneytoforeigngovernmentsatrelativelylowinteres,"dollarhegemony""dollarhegemony"usuallyignoredtheinterestsofothercountriesandalwaysuseddollarrevaluati,,,interestratewarsandevenothersanctionsimposedbyafewcountriesaredetrimentaltotheformationofaninternationaleconomicenvironmentthatisnecessaryforChina,therefore,maintainingaproperamountofforeignexchangereserveandimprovingitsusageefficiencyofforeignexchangereservewillhelpraisethegrowthrateofthenationaleconomy,lessentheunevennessoftheeconomicstructure,fundamentallyreducethepossibilityofbalanceofpaymentsimbalances,andeventuallyenhancethestabilityofthecountry,acountryonlyneedsanamountofforeignexchangereservethatisenougherve.ProjectTeamofDRCTheyear2008hasbeenayearinwhichChineseandforeigneconomability,thepurposefulnessandtheflexibilityinmacroeconomiccontrolandhavetakentimelyandeffectivemeasurestohavesuccessfullyprotectedChinaseconomyfromthenegativeeffectsoriginatingfromsuchsevereanddisadvantageousfactorsasthesnowstorms,theWenchuanEarthquakeinChina,theriseofthecommoditypriceshasbeenfallingdownmon,thecyclicaldeclineoftheeconomicgrowthhasevidentlydraggeddowntheinvestmentandexportgrowthandevo,asUSsub-primemortgagecrisishasevolvedintoanoverallfinancialcrisis,,thebasicprincipleformacroeconomicregulationin2009shouldrestoncarryingoutapositivefinancialpolicyandastablemonetarypolicy,acceleratingthereformandstructuralreadjustmentandexpandingeffectivedemandinChina,controllingeconomicdownturnanditsdurationandguardingagainsttheseriousdeviationoftheeconomicgrowthfromthepotentialgrowthratethrough“retainingandstabilizinganumberofeconomicsectorswhilereformingtheothers”.essureStillCallsforAlertnessThereversevariationtendencyofthehouseholdconsumerpricesandtheex-factor,theriseofhouseholdconsumerpricesisexpectedtodropto6%orsoandtheriseofex-factorypri,theweakeningUSdollarandthedrasticdeclineofthepricesoftheprimarycommoditiesoninternationalmarketswillalsoalleviateChinahecostofChinasproductionfactors,iseoffoodandhousingpriceshasbeenamainreasonforthecontinuousriseofconsumerpricessinceJune2007,withtheaveragecontributi%.Ofthispercentage,the%.%%inAugust,theaveragecontribut%%,%%ascomparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,whichhitanall-timelowoverayearstendency,astheeffectsoftheincentivesupplypolicieshavegraduallyloomedup,thesupplyofmeat,poultry,eggsandvegetablehasbeenameliorated,agrainharvestforthefifthconsecutiveyearisforsure,theinternationalfoodstuffpriceshavebeenfallingdow,astherealestatemarkethasenteredaperiodofreadjustment,thehome-leasingpriceshavereducedandthepricesoffuelandrawmaterialsoninternationalmarketshavedroppedatahigherlevel,therefore,inamonthlydownwardtrend,withthewholeyearsriseuptoabout6%.letheriseofthehouseholdconsumerpriceshasbeenfallingdownmonthbymonth,theriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproductshasbeengoingupcontinually,%inAugust,yearonyear,industrialproducts,thepricesofmetalproducts,oilprocessing,chemicalrawmaterialandproducts,coalandcoking,,theincreaseinthepricesofironandsteelproducts,,dustrialproducts,withtheriseofthepricesofthoseproductscontributinga70%sequilibriuminChinascoalsupplyanddemandresultedfromsuchfactorsassnowstorms,restrictedtransportationcapacity,controloverthecapacityandtheadjustmentofoilandelectricitypricesinChinaaswellasbythesh,thefactorsdrivingupex-factorypricesofChina,therecentdemandforironandsteelinChinaandabroadhasobviouslyreduced,resultinginachangeofthemarketsupply-demandpattern,anincreaseofthestockofironorean,thegrowthofChinasdeman,thegrowthofpowerconsumptionfellbacktoalowerlevel,theapparentcoalconsumptionreduced,thecoalstockinmostpower-generatin,theinternationalcrudeoilpriceshavebeendecliningcontinuouslyfromahistoricalhighlevel,t,currentlytheriseoftheex-factorypricesoftheindustrithoughtheworldeconomyhasdeclinedasawholeinashortperiodoftime,theshrinkageoftheaggregatedemandwillbringdownthepricesoftheinternationalstapleproducts,therefore,,fromtheinternationalperspective,thenewroundofglobalindustrializationwaverepresentedbytheBRICs(Brazil,Russia,India,andChina)willlastforalongerperiodoftime,becomingamainstayindemandforstapleproducts,,theoveralloutbreakoftheAmericanfinancialcrisis,coupledwiththeUnitedStatestakingmassivemeasurestosavethemarketwiththegovernmentcredit,theUSdollarwillweakenonceagain,atthesametimepartoftheinternationalhotmoneywillonceagainspeculateintocommoditymarkets,thusmakingseconomy,firstly,theChinesedomesticgrainmarketisrelativelyisolatedfromtheinternationalgrainmarket,thereisabigdifferencebetween,thelaborcosthasrisen,therefore,itispredictedthatthe,itisimperativetoreformthemarketpricesoftheproductionfactors,thepricesoftheproductionfactorswilltendtoriseoveralongperiodoftime,andthereisstillroomforthepricesofoilproducts,,Chinaisconfrontedwithmoreconstraintsinitsdevelopmentandwillsureandneedstowatchoutforit.Chart2ApparentConsumptionofProductOil2000-2006Source:ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilTheabovegrowthstructureindicatesthatwhilethegrowthofdieselconsumptionwasexceptionalonthe2005marketofproductoil,themarketgrowthin2006willbedrivenbydiverseforces,,thegrowthofgasolinedemandwillbemainlyattributabletothevigorousdevelopmentoftheautomarketandthenewdevelopmentofth,diesel’sshareoftheoverallconsumptionofallproductoilwillcontinuetobeashighas65percent,andthedevelopmentofthedhofthemarketofgasoline-drivenpassenger,theaccumulatedpurchasingpowerbeganamassivereleaseafterthemarkethadgonethroughadjus,,theremovalofthebanonsmall-enginevehiclesandtheadjustmentof,,theactiveoper,tinuetogrowrapidly,,althoughthemassivereleaseofthepurchasingpowerinthefirsthalfoftheyearwasencouraging,,theadjustmentoftheconsumptiontaxrwi,therisin,duetotheincomegrowth,themarket,theautoprirsthalfoftheyearanfthediesel-usingindustriesDrivenbythevigorousdevelopmentoftheauto,shipping,constructionandotherindustries,dieseldemandwillcontinuetogrowsteadily,withthepacebeingslightlyfasterthanin2005.(1)Thediesel-drivencommercialvehiclesarethemainforceofalldiesel-drivenv,theyaremorepronetotheinfluenceofthemacroeconomicsituation(especiallyinvestmentdemand)vementoftheurbanandruraltransportinfrastructureandroadconditionsin2006,thegrowthofdiesangibleandthefreighttrafficwillcontinuetogrow;therenewalofhighwaybusesthisyearandnextyearwillbeaccelerated,withmostofthepassengervehiclesthatwererenewedfollowingthequalificationevaluationofthepassengertransportenterprisesin2000bytheMinistryofCommunicationshaveallreachedtheageofrenewal;theinitialstageofthe11thFive-YearPlanisthepeinthesecondhalfof2006willbeabout13percent.(2)Thevigorousdevelopmenthippingcapacity,theshippingindust,thestatepolic,rawmaterialsandotherbulkcargoesisrobust,volumesofcoal,ironoreandmineral,theYangtzeRivershippingisthema,centralan,conformstotherequirementsofimplementingthestrategyforsustainabledevelopmentandthebuildingofaresource-effectiveandenvironment-friendlysociety.。

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