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鼎丰国际下载app送奖金【ryatur.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。张家界疤涌馅投资有限公司(原德州镀掀匝教育咨询有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积22919平方米,大庄家MG淑女之夜其中生产厂房占地8616平方米,仓库面积占地4320平方米。固定资产6459万元,流动资产9986万元,干部职工共641人,工程技术人员53人。鼎丰国际下载app送奖金LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo66,2000China’,asenseofanxietyappeareddomestically:anexceedinglyhightradedependenceratiomighthaveanadverseeffectonthehealthydevelopmentofChina’’sforthcomingentrytotheWorldTradeOrganization,whetherwemaintainacorrectunderstandingoftradedependenceratiowilldirectlyaffectourasses’stradedependenceratiobyscientificmethodsandarrivingatacorrectun’stradedependenceratioTradedependenceratioofacountryistheratioofthetotalamountofforeigntradeofthatcountrytoitsgrossdomesticproduct(GDP).Theratioisusedtomeasurethedegreeofdependenceofacountry’,tradedependenceratiocanbedividedintotwocategories:degreeofdependenceuponexport,;anddegreeofdependenceuponimport,,itlay,,ideworldinthepast20years,China’,from1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthrateofChina’,,intheyearsbefore1994theRenminbi(RMB),China’(seeChart1)Therapiddevelopmentoftheproce“tradeofprocessingimportedmaterialsprovided”and“tradeofprocessingmaterialsprovidedbyforeignclients”.Inthe18yearsfrom1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthratesofChina’,,,theaveragean,makingtheratioo’,bothdomesticcontentratioandrateofaddedvalueofprocessingtradehavegoneup,auniquefeatureofthetraderemainstoacertainextent“importandhighexport”.,makinguseoftradedependenceratiowhichincludestheprocessingtrademaytoalargeextentexaggeratethedegreeofdependenceofChina’’stradedependenceratio(1978-1999)Source:’stradedependenceratiocommunityTheoretically,thereisnogenerallyaccep,toacquireacorrectunderstandingofChina’stradedependenceratio,wemustcarryoutanalysiswithChinaplacedinthecontextoftheinternationalcommunityandbycomparingChinaw,thecontinuedriseofChina’,,theaveragerateofwo,thetradedependenceratiooftheeconomiesoftheworld’saveragedegreeofdependenceuponexportrosefrom14percentin1970to25percentin1997(seeChart2).Fromahorizontalpointofview,thehigherthepercapitaincomeofacountry,thehigherthetradedependenceratioofthatcountry(seeTable1).ThisisanotherpieceofevidencedemonstratingthattheriseofChina’stradedependencer,atpresentChina’,China’sforeignexchangeratedevaluedbyabigmarginwhichinturncausedChina’,China’stradedependenceratiohasbeenconsistentlylowerthantheworldaverage(seeChart2).Third,whencarryingoutcomparisonsbetweenChina’stradedependenceratioandthatoftheinternationalcommunity,weshouldtakein,ifotherfactorsarethesame,,thegreaterthetertiaryindustrycomponentinaGDP,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguoYanKunResearchReportNo79,rvisionSystemSincethestartofreformandopeningup,throughcontinuousstudyandrenovation,apreliminarymulti-leivedecreesoffinanceandtaxation,standardisingeconomicorderandguaranteeingtheimpleme’ssocialistmarketeconomysystem,theroleoffinanceandtaxa,theoldpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemcannolongerm,ithasbecomenecessaryandpressingtoestablishandcompleteapublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemandascientificoperationmechanismthatareinlinewiththesocialistmarkmulti-levelpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemwasgraduallyestablishedonthebasisoftheplann:,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasbeencharacterisedbylarge-scalefinance,taxationandpriceinspections,whichwerecarriedoutalloverChina,knownas"guerrillawarfare".Inspiteofcertainachievements,suchinuslackofarestrictivesupervisionmechanismtosuperviseandrestraintheimpacttotaxationofneweconomicactionsandtransactionmethods(suchasenterpriserestructuring,assetreorganizationande-commerce),,,,manyproblemshaveemergedregardingthestandard,"threemajorinspections"in1998,manylocalities(provinces)haveadoptednewmeasuresandmethodstoconductpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision(,HubeiProvincehasestablishedthePublicFinanceSupervisionDivisiontocarryoutnetworkedandsystematicsupervision).However,"threemajorinspections"isthattheirconcenttionsupervision,’sideologyandsetup,assoonaspossible,ascientificandstandardsupervisionmechanismtostrengthenpre-andmid-eventsupervision,coverthewholeprocessoffinanceandtaxationactivitiesundersupervision,changeafter-eventhandlingtoprocesscontrol,thepressingissueishowtosetupahighlyefficientsupervisionmechanismwhichcoversallprocessesandlinkspracticallybasedonth,cfinancemanagementandpublicfinance,ChinaonlyhastheBudgetLaw,,thePublicFinanceManagementLaw,thePublicFina,theBudgetLawhasonlyspecifiedcriterionsforthegovernmentandthepublicfinancedep,accordingtorelevantprovisionsintheBudgetLaw,thePublicFinanceManagementLawshouldbeformulatedtofurtherdefinethelimitsofauthority,,thePublicFinanceandTaxationSupervisionLawshouldalsobeformulatedtodefinetheauthority,themethodsandtheextentofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision,,toalargeextent,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasconstit,etheinspectionwasfocusedonenterprisefinancialaffairswheremos,itwasquiteeffectivebecausemostpunishmentstooktheformoffines,,thefocusofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisiononsmallcoffersandextra-budgeta,therehasbeennofundamentalchangeinourthoughts,methods,meansandtreatmentofsupervision,,westillrelylargelyonaccountadjustmentsandfines,regardlessofthefactthattheyarenon-profitinstitutionsandhavef,asextra-budgetaryincomeisgraduallyincludedintobudgetorintospecialaccounts,withtheimplementationofthecomprehensivepublicfinancebudgetmanagement,chargingfinesisliketransferringfundsbetween"theleftandrightpockets",therestr,intermsofthetypesofregulation-breachingactsoftheadministrativeandpublicestablishments,therearelesscasesrelatedtofinancialaccountingproceduresthantodecision-makingandadministrativeactionsoftheirleadership,whichincludesunauthorisedfunds,lavishdistributionofbonuses,deliberatetreasurymix,unauthorisedtaxreductionorexemption,,undersuchcircumstances,economicpunishmenthasbutlimitedeffect,anditsrationalityoughttobequestioned....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    LuZhiqiangResearchReport,,2000(Total1284)–,utit,:,aGerman,consideredthatglob,mostscholarsconsideredthatglobalizationshouldhavebegunfromthefirstindustrialrevolutionattheendofthe18thcentury,"globalization"firstappearedin1944,,accordingly,thatglobalizationtookshapeinthhtworldwideattentioninthe20thcenturywhereasthethirdjudgemento,thereareglaringgapsinpeople’sworldwidebecomeincreasinglycloserandthodeofproductionandtheenlargementofthemarketeconomicsystemintheentireworld,therefore,globalizationmeansWesternization,,theLisbongroupcomposingofscholarsfrommanycountriesconsiderthatglobalizationincludesthefollowingsevenaspects:theglobalizationofthepossessionoffinanceandcapital,theglobalizationofmarketandmarketstrategy,theglobalizationoftechnology,relatedscientificresearchanddevelopmentaswellasknowledge,theglobalizationoflivingstyleandthemodeofconsumptionaswellasculturallife,theglobalizationoftheadjustmentcapabilityandpoliticalcontrol,theglobalizationoftheworl,economy,science,technology,,thereislessdisagreementoneconomicglobalization,however,itcouldonlyberoughlydefinedasfollows:theinter-countryflowofcommodities(includingservices),informationandfactorsofproduction,theincreasingdegreeofmutualdependenceoftheeconomiesofallcountries,tcloseattentionwasmainlyattributedtothreephenomenathatemergedinandafterthemid-1980sintheworldeconomy:First,,theglobalcapitaltransactionvolumewasonlyUS$5,000billion,itincreasedsharplytoUS$35,000billionin1992,andisexpectedtoreachoverUS$80,mentCo,thetotalamountofmarketcapitalofthe48largestsecurityexchangesintheworldstoodatUS$31,700billionattheendof1999,surpassingtheworldgrossnationalproductforthefirsttime,andals,itsgrowthrate,,theaveragegrowthrateofgrossdomesticproductwas1%,buttheaverageannualgrowthrateofexportvolumeinglobaltradewasashighas6%%intheyear2000,higherthantheworldeconomicgrowthrate(%).Inaddition,thetradestructurealsounderwentadrasticchange,servicetradeemergedanddevelopedfast,%andaccountingfor20%,,thedevelopmentofdirectinvestmentoverseasandtheotheractivitiesbymultinationalcompaniessurpassedthegrowthrateoftheworldGDPandtrade,thegrowthrateofthesalesvolumeoftheiroverseasbenceoftheworldeconomy,itsinfluenceovertookthatofinternationaltrade,thusrewrit,theworldpoliticalenvironmentunderwentdramaticchanges,,thedétenteofinternationalrelationsprovidedafavorableinternationalenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheworldeconomy,economicdevelopmenthasbecomeanurgenttaskforallcountries,nAsiaservedasamodelencouragingmoreandmoredevelopingcountriestoimitatethedevelopmentm,theformerrepublicsoftheSovietUnionandEasternEuropeancountriesaswellasthemajorityofsocial,thebreakthroughsinscienceandtechnoloessinoceantransportationandairtransporttechnologiesinthe1980sand1990sgreatlyredu,duringthe1990-1997period,thetransportcostofexportingcommoditiesworldwideaccountedformerely2%,long-distancetelephonecallchargefromNewYorktoLondonperthreeminutesdroppedfromUS$330in1930tomerelyUS$ductionlayoutandmanagementpossible.ZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.10-200米Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    处女星号MG女皇之心XieFuzhanEconomicsecurityandotherelementslikeeconomicgrowth,fullemployment,economicstabilityandequa’smacro-managementdifferatdifferentdevelopmentstages,indifferentcountriesandagainstdifferentinternationalbackgrounds,buteconomicsecurityisthetargetofmacr,eachcountryisgraduallyexpandingitsopennessandthecross-countryflowofcapital,information,,thereisnoeconomicsecurityforindividualsandhouseholds,,wealsoneedtopayattentiontoandconcernaboutanumberofhouseholdsandindividualstroubledandthreatenedbyeconomicsecurityproblemsevenwh,socialandenviron:first,theinfluencesofmacro-managementonhumaneconomicsecurity;second,thechallengesfacingChina’seconomicsecurity;third,ecurityofindividualsandhouseholdsinvolvesemploymentopportunities,incomelevel,wealthappreciationanddepreciation,utofpovertygraduallywhilewealthyindividualsandhou;short-termorlong-termandsustained;:First,,fastandhealthynationaleconomicgrowth,,,Chinahasbeenstickingtothepolicyoftakingeconomicc,%,andtheannualgro%.%.om250millionbeforethereformandopening-upto34millionbytheendof1999andthegenerallivideconomicdevelopmentwiththenationalforeignexchangereservetotaling160billionUSD,,,nomattercausedbyinflationordeflation,willexertnecome,tojoblesspeopleandtopeopleandhouseholdsbelongingtothedepartments,sect,duetothesupplysurplusonthemarket,,whichresultinunemploymentordeclinedincome,,,theincreaseofnetincomepercapitaforruralresidentssloweddown,andin1990and1991,theincreaseratewasonly2%.Undertheconditionofdeflationin1997and1999,the,therewereincreasedlaid-offworkersanddecreasednewempl,Chinesegovernmentincreasedbyalargemargintheincomeofmediumandlow-incomeurbanresidents,andtookmeasurestoissuetimelythebasiclivingcostallowndandoptimizingthequalityofmacroeconomicoperation,ontheotherhand,,currentlyinChina,somemacro-policieshave,thechangesinemploymentsystemhavebrokenthe“ironbowl”oftheplanningeconomicsystem,whichhaveraisedtheuncertaintyofpeople’sincomeexpectationandpeople’sawarenesstohandlecrisisinfutureeconomicsecurity,,housingreformandmedicalcarereformhavebrokentheoriginalbenefitdistributionpattern,,thereformofhighereducationsystemhasincreasedtheprospectexpenditureonchildren’’sfutureincomeandexpenditurebalancebroughtbythesereforms,people’sconsumptionpsychologyandbehaviorhavebeenaffectedandtheirreactiontot,butmanyreformmeasuresaremorefavorabletopeoplewithvestedinterestsandresultedingreatervulnerabilngreformandimplementingmacro-policies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LongGuoqiangTheshareoftheelectromechanicalproductsofforeign-investedfirmsinthenationalexporthasexceeded60percent,yetproblemspersist,suchasignoranceofthetruepictureoftheexportsoftheelectromechanicalproductsoftheforeign-fundedenterprises,,aresearchgroupwassetupbytheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciltoholdenterpriseforumsorconductquestionnaireinquiriesonanextensivescaleinBeijing,Shanghai,GuangdongProvinceandotherp,areportforthereferenceofdecisionmakingisherebysubmittedforenhancingthemacro-economicbenefitsfromt,%annuallyonaverage,byfaroutstrippingthecorrespondingaverageannualgrowthrateofsimilarexportsbythedomesticenterprises,%.Inotherwords,thecontributionrateofforeign-fundedenterprisesreached70%,%n1998wasextremelysevereundertheshockwavesoftheAsianfinancialcrisis,,,%highcontributionratetonationalexports,thusmakingimportantcoshavepositiveeffectsontheinternationalbalanceofpaymentofChina,,in1999,theimportso,ofwhich,ydirectinvestmentofthatyear;w,,thesurplusunderthecurrentaccountforexport-orientedforeign-fundedenterpri,incomewasmainlycomposedofdirectinvestmentsandloancapitalwhileexpenditurewasm,,theyconstitutedthenumberonemaandpaymentofinterests,,withasurplusofinternationalbalanceofpaymentoverUSD15billionin1999,theseforeign-fundedenterprise,,,%arecapableofprovidingmostoftheskillsbytheirowntechnologicaldevelopmentinstitutionsandalmostonethird(%),theseenterprisesfocusontechnologicaldevelopment,withtheproportionofRDinstitutionsnotonlymuchhigherthanthecorrespondingaverageofotherlargeandmedium-sizedforeign-fundedenterprises,butalsohigherthanthatofthedomesticcounterparts,,wefoundthatsomeenterpriseshadshiftedfromtheoriginalequipmentmanufacturer(OEM)andupgradedtotheoriginaldesignmanufacturer(ODM).Finally,t,stimulatedChinasdomesticmarketdem,manyenterpriseshaveadoptedavarietyofmeasuretoraisethequalityofChinese-madepartsandcomponents,andsomehaveevendemandedChineseupstreamenterprisestooperateincompliancewiththeirtechnicalstandardsbypro,theseforeign-fundedenterpriseshavenotonlyenlargedproductionandmarketingofthedomesticenterprises,butmoreimportantlyelevatedtheirtechnologicallevelsbyabigmargin,raisedtheoverallqualityofdomesticenterprisesbystrengtheningtheirmarket-orientedconcepts,suchasstableproductquality,%oftheexport-orientedforeign-fundedenterprisesrelatedwithelehipasChina’slabormarketsmakeincessantimprovements,’,,esforeign-fundedenterprisestomakebiggercontributiontonationaleconomy,,,weakinternationalcompetitivenessduetoavarietyoffactorsmakesitdifficultfortheproduct,however,existsforthemtogoabroadthroughsupplementingtheexportsofforeign-investedenterprisessoasto"gooverseasbyborrowingtheirships".,mo,domesticproductspresentunstablequality,,theprocurementrightu%ofthejointventureswithforeigninvestorsholdingthemajoritysharesprocuretheirrawmaterial,,esn’tionssetupbytheforeign-fundedenterprisesengagedintheexportofelectromechanicalproducts,theirtechn-fundedenterpri,wemustgiveprioritytoremovingtheadversefactorsinourexistingpolicieswhichhavehinderedtechnologicaladvance....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo190,isesSincethemid1990s,alongwiththedevelopmentofthemarketeconomyinChinaandchangesintheinternalandexternaleconomicandtradeenvironments,theslowtransformationoftheoperat,,duetotheexuberantvitalityandmarketcompetitiveness,theprivateeconomyhasovertakenthestate-ownedeconomytobecomethemostactive,thef,theproblemoffinancingdifficultythathaslonghauntedprivateenterprisesbeginstoattracttheatt,financingdifficultyoftheprivateenterprisesremainstobeapracticalproblem,,thereislessdifficultyinobt,thankstotheeffortoflocalgovernments,,thecurrentfinancialsystemhasonlygrantedshort-termloanstoprivateenterprises,whilethemid-,insteadofshort-termlending,alargenumberofhigh-techenterprisesinthestart-upstagearemostinneedofthemid-andlong-termloansandequityinvestment,,theproblemoffinancingdifficultyoflargeenterpriseshasbe,,suchasHaire,withovertenbillionyuanofannualsa,therefore,s’,,withtheirproductioncapacity,assetsandreputation,,,sufferfrompoorcredibilityornocredibility,havefewassetsformortgage,with,,thesee,thelargeandmedium-sizedcitiesenjoysufficientcapitalsup,lendingcapitalconcentratesincreasinginthecities,,88countiesinShandongProvinceexperiencedzeroornegativegrowthinloansin2000,whilenoneofthecountiesinH,thedifferenceamongtheownershipsystemisdiminishing,,the“privateownershipfearphobia”,theideologicalproblemsofthelawenforcementandauditingdepartmentsleadthemtoneglectthebadloanaccountsofthestate-ownedenterprises,buttoinvestigatefor,thelendingstaffofbanksusuallytrytoavoidmakingloanstoprivateenterprises,inspecificlendingappraisal,theytendtoreporthigherrisksass,despitearelativelysufficientsocialcapitalatpresent,neithertheformalindirectfinancingsystemnortheca,many,manyprivatehigh-techenterpriseswithhig,theywillnotonlyinfluencethedevelopmentoftheprivateeconomy,butalsofurtherintensifyfinancingactionsoutsidetheformarrentIndirectFinancingSystemOntheonehand,thecommercialbanksholdabundantcapitalbutgenerallyfeelitis“difficulttolend”.Ontheotherhand,manysmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisessufferbitterlyfrom“difficulttoborrow”.Indeed,reform,inordertobreakthehighmonopolyofthestatebanksandpromotemarketcompetition,Chinahasgraduallysetupover,theorganisationaenterprises,thenumberandcapitalstrengthofthesmallandmedium-siz,%%,respectively,akenintoaccount,%%,,,lendingdepartments(committees),therehavebeenfewachievementsinpractice,blygeneraterelativelylargeoverheadexpenses,wnedbanks,minimisingcapita,thelendingrightsofthebranchagenciesofthestate-ownedlargecommercialbanksweretakenback,manynon-bankingfinancialinstitutionsweredissolvedorannexed,,abusinessblankemergedandthefinancingdiffifinancialinstitutionsThefourlargeststate-ownedcommsolvedsincereform,leadingtoseriousdistortionsinthelegalpersongovernances,tocertaindegree,thegovernmentstillregardsth,beartheresponsibilityfortheirownrisksandset,itisverydifficultforthefourlargeststate-owedbankstooperateaccordingtobusinessrules,,withthestrengtheningofloanriskconstraintsandthelackingofthematchingintereststimulatingmechanism,thelendingstaffusuallytrytoavoidrisksinpracticebystressingonthe“absenceofgoodproject”,whichonlyintensifiesthefinancingdifficultyofthesmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.鼎丰国际下载app送奖金重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ChenXiaohong,ZhangWenkuiLiZhaoxiResearchReportNo187,,thereformofthestateassetmanagementsystemisanimportantissuecloselylinkedtothereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,foritinvolvessuchspecificiss,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteealsolaiddownthestateassetmanagementprinciple,namely,the"centralizedstate-ownership,variouslevelsofgovernmentsupervisionandautomaticenterprisemanagement".TheFourthPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteefurtherstipulatedthesixteen-wordprincipleforstateassetmanagementsystem,namely,"stateownership,variouslevelsofmanagement,dividedsupervisionresponsibilitiesandauthorizedmanagement",andgavelocalgovernmentsmorepowerinthere,manymajorproblemsofthestateassetmanagementsystem,includingthebasicorientationandspecificpolicymanagement,especnagementsystem,,itremainsquiteambiguousinissuessuchasthemeaningofauthorization,sesdispersedinvariousgovernmentdepartments,enterprisesfeelatlossastowhomtoturntowhenimplementingdecisionsthatneedapprovalfromagensesandholdrelevantresponsibilities,theydonothavetheownershiprightsinlegaltermsand,therefore,,interferenceof"shareholders"thatbypasstheirimmediateleadersand"insidercontrol".Thisreportwillputforwardsomeviewsandproposalsontherelationshipforrightsforstate-ownedassets,SystemWheretheCeteassetswhileadheringto"state-ownership"lgovernmentsoverstateassetsisabasicissuerelated"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"andformulatenewstipulationson"authorizedmanagement""variouslevelsofmanagement"shouldbechangedinto"variouslevelsofownership".Webelievethatalthoughtheemergenceofthesystemandtheprincipleof"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"havetheirhistoricalrationale,,therefore,toadjustanddefinetheownershiprightsofthecentralandlocalgovernmentinvestors.·Chinahasalreadyrecognizedthepubliclyacknowledgedbasicprincipleofthemarketeconomicsystemof"whoeverinvestsowns"andhassetupcorrespondinglegalsystem,whichdeviatesfromtheprinciplethatgivesnoregardtoinvestorsbutcentralization;·Variouslevelsofgovernmentsalreadypossesstheownershiprightsatleastoverenterprisesinvestedbythecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsoroverthestate-ownedenterpriseswhosemanagementrightshavelongbeendelegatedtothecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsbythehigherlevelsofgovernments;therefore,anyeffortthatrefusestoadmittheexistingeconomicandlegalrelationsisapttoleadtoshort-termacts;·China’spublicfinancesystemisineffectahierarchicalsystemandwillbefurtherdevelopedandperfectedwiththecompletionofChina’staxationandpublicfinancetransferpaymentsystem;thestate-ownedenterpriseswith"centralizedownership"inthepastshouldbetrulydividedintothestate-owned(centralgovernmentowned)enterprises,localpublic-ownedenterprises(ormaybecalledlocalstate-ownedenterprisesinconsiderationofhistoricalcontinuity)orstateandlocalgovernmentjointlyownedenterprisesbasedontheirrespectiveshares;·Incountriesofmarketeconomy,state-ownedenterprisesorlocalpublic-ownedenterprisesaregenerallycalledpublicenterprisesorpublicinstitutionsownedbyautonomousentities;thepublic-ownedenterprisesofstateautonomousentitiesarethestate-ownedenterprisesandthepublicly-ownedenterpr,evenifitisjustviewedfromtheimplementationlevel,therearestillproblemsifthe"variouslevelsofownership",thereistheproblemofambiguoustargetsof"variouslevelsofownership".Shouldalllocalgovernment-financedenterprisesorenterpriseswhosemanagementrightsaredelegateddownbythecentralgovernmenttolocalgovernmentsbeownedbythelatterWhatarethebasisandconditionsfordoingsoThedelegationofpowerinthepastwasbasedonpreconditionsof"variouslevelsofmanagement"butnotof"variouslevelsofownership".Moreimportantly,thestate"centralizedownership"systeminthepastwasrelatedtotheentirestateeconomicsystems,especiallythepublicfinance,"centralizedownership"system,itisnecessar"delegated"enterprisescloselylinkedtothenationaleconomy,correspondingresponsibilitiesofvariousparties,theirrelationswithmajorenterprisereformpolicies,(),thecompletionofthehierarchicalpublicfinancesystemandtheprocesstoimprovethecorrespondingtaxationsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,LongGuoqiang,WangXu,ShiYaodong,,,,tradeandinvestmentenvironment,marketstructure,degreeofglobalization,industrialmaturity,andthepotentialfordemandgrowth,,asectorthatwouldtheoreticallysuffermoreshocksmayendlatedtotheresponsestrategyafterWTOaccession,ingfromWTOaccessionasmuchaspossibletoreducerelevantrisksandcosts,maximizeadvantages,minimizedisadvantages,andemphasizeadjustment,,,peopleinsomeregions,sectorsorenterpriseshaveoveremphasizedthe"shocks"and"challenges".Someofthemevendeemedtheaccessionasanimminentdisasterandregardedtherequiredadjustmentandreformmeasuresas"somethingagainsttheirwill".Thenwehavetocomebacktotherudimentalquestion:whyshouldwejointheWTOIfcanbringusonlyormainlyshocksanddifficulties,,,joiniresoftheworldeconomicandpoliticaldevelopmentandoutofthestrategicconsiderationofChina’,despitealltherisksanduncertainties,thecentralauthorities,,,thepressureofadjustmentwillbeconcentratedontheareasofemployment,incomedistribution,,msthroughadjustment,,suchastrategywillleadtoadilemmainwhichthedisadvantagesofthetraditionalsystemcativeAdvantagesTheactiveresponsivestrategycanbesummarizedas"givingfullplaytoamajorpowercompetitiveadvantagesundertheconditionsoffurtheropening".ThepurposeistoexpeditedomesticadjustmentandreformandcreateaneffectivemarketenvironmentwiththenewopeningconditionsafterWTOaccessionsothatChina’sexistingandpotentialcomparativeadvantagescanbeturnedintocompetitiveadvantagesandChiwillfirstofalldependonhowtounderstand,nurtureanddevelopChina’’seconomicadvantages,manyoftheminthesenseofeconomics,aremainlymanifestedinthefollowingaspects:’slargestpotentialfordemandgrowthinmanyproductsandservices;,capitalcostalsodeclinedtoacertainextent;Chinahasadvantagesinthemanufacturingindustrywhichfocusesonassemblyandprocessingsectorandhascertaintechnologicalcontents;Chinahasthe"delayedstamina"intheareasoftechnology,managementandsystemthatareacquiredthroughlearningfromadvancedexperience;TheChinesepeoplehavethetraditionaltraitsofbeinggoodatdoingbusiness,’,someindustrializedcountries,suchasBritain,France,GermanyandItaly,stillhaveapopulationoflessthan100millionpeople,ionand100millionrespectively,theycannotcomparewithChina’,instead,itisthefactthatsuchalargepopulationhasbegunenteringthemid-stageofindustriali,andquiteprobablyso’surbanandruralpopulationisrelativelywide,lencerateofaparticularproductisnotveryhigh,’smobilephone,relyingmerelyonthedomesticmarketcanfullyrealizetheeconomyofscaleandscopeandcanaccommodateseverallargeenterprises,largepopulationbaseandunevendevelopmentcanensuresomeinorsismaintained,amanufacturingadvantagewithrelativry,textileindustry,heavyindustryandchemicalindustry,Chinaisnowenteringadevelopmentstagethathighlightsprocessing,assemblyandmanufacturingindustriesedbythestateforalongperiod,turingindustriesbuiltwit,theimprovementintechnologyandmanagementduringthisperiodhasmarkedlynarrowedtheg,Chinahasnotseenadrasticriseinthecostoflabor,land,capita’svastter’sseeminglyendlesssupplyofcheaplabor,especiallytheskilledworkers,techniciansandmanagerialpersonnelthatarenotedforrelativelyhighqualificationsandrelativelylowincomescomparedwiththeinternationalstandards,hasen,thetraditiona,theinterestrateshavebeencutcontinuously,makingChina’low-costadvantageinproductionfactorsareattractingmoreandmoreforeignmanufacturingcapacitiestoChina....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangXiyuLocatedtotheeastofRiyueandHelanMountainRanges,westofTaihangMountainRanges,northofQinlingMountainRangesandsouthoftheGreatWall,theLoessPlateaucharacterizedwithanerosiontopographicforminNorthwestChina,has,accordingtothecalculationsbyexpertsconcerned,anareaofabout360,000squarekilometersinhabitedbyapopulationofmorethan62millionin217counti,ationofthepoorpopulationinoueisnotonlytheeagerdesiringofthelocalpeople,b,itwillhaveasignificantimpactontheecologicalenvironmentandeconomicdevelopmentofthemiddleandlowerreachesoftheYellowRiver,sinstructionof"RecreatingaNorthwestRegionwithBeautifulMountainsandRivers"andguidedbythecontrolstrategyproposedbyPremierZhuRongji,thatis,"Returningarablelandtoforests(pastures),cordoningoffmountainsforforeststogrow,reliefthroughpaymentwithgrainandindividuallandcontracting,"peopleinthoseareashavestartedamassive,larg,controlsoilerosionandrestoreecologicalbalanceisinessenceareadjustmentofrelationshipbetweenmankindandnature,obedoneinpoverty-hitareas,wheret"itsdifficulttodotheworkofreturningarablelandtoforests,butitsevenmoredifficulttoensurethereisnorecurrence."Therefore,theoverallsituationshouldbetakenintorelationsbetweenmankindandresourcesandenvironment,butalsoacorrectpolicytopromsconceptsoastomakethemchangetheirtraditionalconceptandfarminghabit,,theprominentproblemsinthoseareasatpresentincludeasluggisheconomicdevelopmentintheregion,difficultiesinincreasingfarmersincome,excessively,properlyresolvethoseproblems,andbringintofullplaytheinitiativesoffarmersandalltheforcesofthesociety––––alltheseconstitutethekeyfactorsconcerningyoftheLoessPlateauinaccordancewiththerequirementsofableforlivestock,agricultureandforestry,,thepropurecharacterizedwithextensivecultivationhasremainedthemainformof,,thestrategyistomakeutmosteffortstodeveloplivestockonthebasisofcapitalconstructionoffarmland,,livestockcanbeexpectedtotakeupmorethan50%-60%,,afundamentalmeasureistoshiftthefocustostall-feeding-basedanimalhusbaivestockandproductqualityandincreaseincome,itcanalsopreventdomesticanimalsfromdestroyingtheve,whileimprovingecologicalenvironment,effortsmustbemadetoacceleratedevelopmentoftheindustryofgrassplantingandfodderprocessing,(pastures)andimprovingecologicalenvironment,earnestmeasuresmustbetakentoensuretheincreaseinfarmers,mostofthefarmersontheLoessPlateauhavebasicallysolvedtheproblemoffoodgrain,andtheirdifficultiesarethelackofcash,poordwellingconditions,andbackwardnessinmedicalconditions,hestatemaymaintain(pastures),theactualincomeoffarmersislikelytofallbecausetheamountofretained-fundscollect,measstrialrestructuring,plansshouldbemadetoallowfarmerstoplantacertainamountofcashforestinplaceswherearablelandisreturnedtoforests(pastures)soastoincreasetheirincomeundercertainconditionsandpossibilities,whileecologically-friendlyforestsandgrass,vigoroussupportshouldbegiventothedevelopmentoflocalsuctioninfarmers,agriculturaltaxandspeciallocalproducttaxesonfarmandforestryproductscanbereducen-statesubsidizedschoolteachers,thetrainingofmilitiaandpreferentialtreatmentgiventothefamiliesofservicemenandmartyrs,w,thereducedincomeoflocalgovernmentsresultingfrombanningthefellingofnaturalforestsshouldb,particularlythoseareaswithoutwater,electricityandroadswherefarmersliveinascatteredway,thefarmers"havebeenlivingoffthemountain"ecol,thepopulationgrowthinthoseareasisoftenoutofcontrol,thusformingaviciouscircleof"thepoorer,themorebirths,andthemorebirths,thepoorer;thepoorer,themorelandreclamation,andthemorelandreclamation,thepoorer."Inrecentyears,somepoverty-hitmountainousareastookmigrationworkasanimportantmeasureofshakingoffpoverty,,thiskindofmigrationwasaimedatgettingridofpovertyanddominatedbythemigrationofindividualfarmers,,itissuggestedthatthepositiveroleofmigrationinrestoringecologicalenvironmentbeenhancedandtheworkofmigrationbeincorporatedintokeymeasuresofreturningarablelandtoforests(pastures)andprotectingecologicalenvironment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XieFuzhanEconomicsecurityandotherelementslikeeconomicgrowth,fullemployment,economicstabilityandequa’smacro-managementdifferatdifferentdevelopmentstages,indifferentcountriesandagainstdifferentinternationalbackgrounds,buteconomicsecurityisthetargetofmacr,eachcountryisgraduallyexpandingitsopennessandthecross-countryflowofcapital,information,,thereisnoeconomicsecurityforindividualsandhouseholds,,wealsoneedtopayattentiontoandconcernaboutanumberofhouseholdsandindividualstroubledandthreatenedbyeconomicsecurityproblemsevenwh,socialandenviron:first,theinfluencesofmacro-managementonhumaneconomicsecurity;second,thechallengesfacingChina’seconomicsecurity;third,ecurityofindividualsandhouseholdsinvolvesemploymentopportunities,incomelevel,wealthappreciationanddepreciation,utofpovertygraduallywhilewealthyindividualsandhou;short-termorlong-termandsustained;:First,,fastandhealthynationaleconomicgrowth,,,Chinahasbeenstickingtothepolicyoftakingeconomicc,%,andtheannualgro%.%.om250millionbeforethereformandopening-upto34millionbytheendof1999andthegenerallivideconomicdevelopmentwiththenationalforeignexchangereservetotaling160billionUSD,,,nomattercausedbyinflationordeflation,willexertnecome,tojoblesspeopleandtopeopleandhouseholdsbelongingtothedepartments,sect,duetothesupplysurplusonthemarket,,whichresultinunemploymentordeclinedincome,,,theincreaseofnetincomepercapitaforruralresidentssloweddown,andin1990and1991,theincreaseratewasonly2%.Undertheconditionofdeflationin1997and1999,the,therewereincreasedlaid-offworkersanddecreasednewempl,Chinesegovernmentincreasedbyalargemargintheincomeofmediumandlow-incomeurbanresidents,andtookmeasurestoissuetimelythebasiclivingcostallowndandoptimizingthequalityofmacroeconomicoperation,ontheotherhand,,currentlyinChina,somemacro-policieshave,thechangesinemploymentsystemhavebrokenthe“ironbowl”oftheplanningeconomicsystem,whichhaveraisedtheuncertaintyofpeople’sincomeexpectationandpeople’sawarenesstohandlecrisisinfutureeconomicsecurity,,housingreformandmedicalcarereformhavebrokentheoriginalbenefitdistributionpattern,,thereformofhighereducationsystemhasincreasedtheprospectexpenditureonchildren’’sfutureincomeandexpenditurebalancebroughtbythesereforms,people’sconsumptionpsychologyandbehaviorhavebeenaffectedandtheirreactiontot,butmanyreformmeasuresaremorefavorabletopeoplewithvestedinterestsandresultedingreatervulnerabilngreformandimplementingmacro-policies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ChenHuaiResearchReportNo133,2001Atpresent,suggestedmeansforthereductionofstatesharesmainlyincludesale,,however,thisproblemcannotbesolvedcomp(SICs)playthe"majorrole",largeinvestmentcompaniesreferto,toputitbluntly,istofoster"aprimary-and-halfmarket".SICsfirstacquirethestatesharessoreducedandthen,inacertainform,loselyintegratetheshort-termgoalsofsupplementing"sell"partofstate-ownedassets,itisaimedatsolvingfourma,howtoturnstate-ownedassetsintofundstosupplementthesocialsecurityfund;secondly,howtopromotethemulti-polarizedreformoftheequitystructureofthelargeandmedium-sizedstateenterprisesandtoestablishastandardandregulatorycorporategovernancesystem;thirdly,howtoenhancetheoverallcontrollingcapabilityofthestate-ownedeconomy;andlastly,howtoregulatethesecuritiesmarketandputanendtotheab,intheformof"cashing",ofrealizingaredistributionofthepropertyrightsofthestate-ownedassets,aprocessofboostingthemulti-polarizedtransformationoftheequityofstate-ownedenterprisesandadvancingformationofacorporatemanagementsystem,,afteracquisitionofshares,donotsimplyholdsuchsharesandsellthematahighpriceattherighttime,theywillalsoactasrepresent,thebasicpatternoftheequitysystemofthestate-ownedassetsinChinastandslikethis:"TheStateCouncilexercisestherighttostate-ownedassetsonbehalfofthestateinaunifiedmanner;thecentralandlocalgovernmentsadministerthestate-ownedassets;thelargeenterprises,enterprisegroupsandholdingcompaniesareauthorizedtooperatethestate-ownedassets".Withinthisframework,ryshareholderandtheydominatetheentireindustryorsector,enterprisesareactuallystillunderthecontroloflocalgovernmentsorcompetentdepartments,therefore,itisverydiff,theboardofdirectorsofanenterprisecannotprotectther,itisnecessarytofindsomekiocalbenefitsandtheformerstateshareholdersseparatelyholdthestateequities,isitpossibletorealizepluralisticequitiesoftheseentertransformthestructureofequitiesover-concentratedonaunita15thCentralCommitteeofChina’sCommunistParty,thebasicfunctionsofSICsshouldshiftfromthefocusofin,theequityofstate-ownedassetsshallbelikewisetransferredfromtheholdingcompaniesaimedatproduct,SICsshallbethemainholdersandoperatorsofthestate-ownedassetsand,inasense,reprete-ownedshares:Firstly,rvaluedeductionofthepledgedstock,andthentheycanacquirethereducedstatesharesconstantlyinarollingwayofpurchase,pledgeforloanandfurtherpurchase;secondly,thestate,inthecapacityofinvestor,providesagivenamountoffundsincashorinkindtoSICsasseedcapital,theincreaseofstateinvestmentmaytaketheformofeithercashordirectallocation;andlastly,anumberofinvestmentfundsaresetupandmanagedbySICs,whichareexclusivelyusedforreductionofthestateshares....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、鼎丰国际下载app送奖金用户至上兴发xf966CQ9五福临门ThefiguresintheabovetableshowthatthecurrentaccountsandcapitalaccountsinChina’sinternationalbalanceofpaymenthave,fortheexceptionofoneyear,ysince2001due%,%$,whichwasUS$,foreigntrademain,,theamountofcontractedinvestmentwasUS$,%.TheamountofdirectforeigninvestmentthathasbeenactuallyutilizedwasUS$,%.Increasedforeigninvestmenthas$170billionbytheendofMay2001,whichwasUS$,nChina,ofwhom,,,,,,,,state-ownedandcollectively-ownedeconomicun,,andemplngeinemploymentstructure,thelaid-offstaffandworkers,alongwiththepopulationnewlyenteringthelabourmarketaswellasthefloatinglaborfor,,incitiesandtownshipswhichwaslessthan,roved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,sagriculture,thisreportadoptstheChinaAgriculturalandTradePolicySimulationModelwhichisbasedonourresearchgroupsimprovementontheCountryProjectionsandPolicyAnalysisSimulationModel(CPPA)(hereinafterreferredtoasCATP).CATP,asectorbalancemodel,ismainlyappliedtoassessingimpactoftradepolicyreformontheproduction,,functioningtheory,:(1).China,,itsurbanizationlevelwillberaisedby1%annuallyin2000-2030,withthelevelreaching60%;(2).%in2000-2005and7%in2005-2015;(3).::1in2005-2015;(4).Itsannualrealgrowthrateofsci-techinputintoagricultureisexpectedtobeat5%;(5)Itsannualrealgrowthra%;and(6)%..eralizationofdomesticagricultureproducemarketonthefutureofChinasmilkindustry,wehavedesignedthreevariationsofformulas,namely:BaselineFormula,’smilkindustryunderthestatusquopolicy,theWTOIFormulaintendstoprojecttheeffectundercurrenttermsreachedduringChina’,however,goesastepfurthertodrawapictureintheeventofChina’spossiblecommitmenttofull-scaletradeliberalizationina’saccessiontoWTOandtheloomingagriculturalinternationalizationwkproducts,along-rangeprospect,however,,%%,thoughtheadverseeffectoftradeliberalizationwillstillbefeltthereafterinoutputvalue,%%by2010undert%%smore,%asmilkproducts,cuttingdownthenetincomeoftheformer,,theWTOIandWTOIIformulaswoulddrivedowntheproducers’%%respectively,%%,%%,thisworseningtendencywouldbeputunder%,declineinproducers’priceswouldbringadvantagestoconsumerstothetuneof732millionyuan,%increaseofoverallconsumptionby2005,%%%%%,%%,%%,%%’,,thecorrespondingfiguresofthethreevariationsofformulaswouldbe931kilotons,,,,%%overtheBaselineFormulaby2005,%%%%,,%%overtheBaselineFormulaby2005,%%%%,,accessiontoWTOwillpushChinasmilkindustryforwardtoparticipatingineconomicglobalization,ngaspects:Firstly,comparedwiththedevelopedcountries,China’smilkindustryisstillintheinitialstagesofarasthetechnologicallevelofproductionandprocessingisconcerned,,importsofmilkproductsmayrisefromcountriesandregionswithlowerproductioncosts,thusbringingpressureonChina,directshockwavesfromimportsofliquidmilkwouldbemodest,however,,theincreasinglyevidenttendencyofglobalizationwouldbringaboutenormousexpansionopportunitiestoChina’illdriveupcostinthedevelopedcountri’smilkindustrybyattractingforeigncapital,’smilkindustrytoimproveproductiontechnology,equipment,,reorganizationandrestructuringofthesectorwillspeedup,bigenterprisegroupandnamebrandswillemergeandinterna,moreintensemarketcompetitionwouldpropeltransformationofmechanismandspeedup’smilkindustryinafundamentalmanner.(Excerptsfromresearchreport"ImplementationofWTOAgreement:AssessingEconomicImpactonChina’sMilkIndustry,"byChenGuoqiangetal.,theResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy.)ChenXiwenAgricultureandruraleconotedatthecentralgovernment,promotingscientificandtechnologicalprogressaswellasdevelopingindustrializedmanagementinagriculture,withtargetofincreasingfarmers,theagriculturalproductionisplaguedbyseveredrought,whichdamagedsum,thestructuraladjustmenthascontinued,withfocusonoptimizingbreeds,reducinggraincropsandexpandingcashcrops.(1)Grains:Itisinevitabletoseeareductioninsummergraincropsa,thesownareaofsummergraincropsis424millionmu,(statisticsfromtheMinistryofAgr).BytheendofMaytheareaofsummergraincropshitbydroughthadreached130millionmu,ain,(theMi).Itisestimatedthatthesownareaofearlyricewillbe92millionmu,adecreaseofover9millionmucomparedwiththepreviousyear,whileitsestimatedoutputwillbe64billionjin,,,duetotheseveredroughtinthenorth,especiallyinNortheastandeasternInnerMongoliathathadlatesowingtime,,thedrought-hi,whichalleviatedthedroughtinsomeareas,,ifthedroughtinthenorthcannotbealleviatedinthenearfuture,autumngraincrops,especiallythecornintheNortheastandNorthwillsufferfautumngraincrops,itisestimatedthatthetotalgrainoutputinthewholenationwillreach900billionjin,about20billionjinlessthanthepreviousyear.(2)Cashcrops:AreaofcashcropstoexpandcontinuouslyandsomeproductstohavesurplussupplyoverdemandTheestimatedsummerrapeseedareaof115millionmuwillshowanincreaseofover2millionmuoverthepreviousyear,,whichwillrecordanincreaseofover11millionmuoverthepreviousyear,whiletheareaofoil-,,whiletheestimatedareaofvegetableswillreach248millionmu,ottonwillcontinuetoincreaseproductionbylargemarginonthebasisofnearly600,000tonsinthepreviousyear,whoseestimatedtotaloutputwillbe5to6milliontonswithsupplyoverdemand;,andsincethefirstquarterthisyear,however,farmershavewitnessedreductionintheirincomedespiteincreasedsales.(3)Livestockproductsandaquaticproducts:stableincreaseandslightchangeinstructureInviewofthefactthatthepriceofpigsstartedtopickupfromthelatterhalfoflastyear,fromJanuarytoMaythisyearthepriceofthemainlivestockproducts,anexceed20milliontons,,muttonandpoultrymeatwillcontinuetobehigherthanthatofpork,meanwhiletheoutputofpoultryeggswillreportslightdecrease,irsthalfofthepreviousyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORXiaoJunyanResearchReport,,2000(Total1271)eofnumerousnewfeaturesinChina’sruraleconomyattheturnofthecen:heoriginalsupplyfunctionofproducingagriculturalproductsandindustrialproductsfordailyuseinthemaintoademandfunctionofprovidingaconsumptionmarketforagriculturalandindustrialproducts,,becausethenationaleconomyasawholestartedatalowlevel,thebasicdailynecessitiessuchasclothing,food,housingandtransportationwereinsevereshortage,theurbanindustrywasingreatneedofcapitalaccumulationandtheconsumptionofurbanresidentswasinurgentneedofimprovement,hencethefunctionofruraleconomywasbasicallysetatthelevelofsupplyingagriculturalproductsandsomeindustrialproductsfordailyuse,andtheconsumptionoffarmerswasalsosetatthelevelof"foodandclothing".Withurbanandtownshipresidentsbecamebetteroff,thereemergedarel,theproductionscaleofagriculturalandindustrialproductsforconsumption,insteadofbeingdecreased,hadtomaintainstableandincreaseslightly,,thebasicdemandforconsumptionamongthemiddleandlowincomeurbanresidentsandthemajorityofthefarmerswasnotsatisfied,whilesuchademandwasaresultoftheunbalancedeconomicde,,agriculturalandind,t,itisofvital,whichusedtobedecidedbytheincreaseoftotalsupplyandthequantitativeincreaseofsupply,isnowdeterminedbythesimultaneousincreaseofitsthetotal,andthekeyelementinthebalanfypeople’sdemandforfoodandclothingofthewholenation,itscontinuouslydecreasingpriceanddifficultinsales,,itmightmeanthatthesupplierisnotabletomeetthechangingdemandeventhoughitssupplyingsystem(includingprice,variety,qualityandquantity),itmightmeanthatthetotaldemandisnotsufficient,,thelogicalresultsinclude:thestructureofquantity,varietyandqualityofthesupplycannotbeadjustedtomeetthedemand,theincreasingpricehaspreventedthemarketfromdevelopingdifferentconsumptionlevels,,ithasbeenassu,gurepercapita,whichisnothigh,thetotaldemandisinfactworkedoutbasedontheurbanpopulationonly,whichaccountforonly20-30%,thedemandforfoodoftheruralpopulation,whichaccountforthemajorityofthetotalpopulation,cannotincreaseinaccordancewiththegrowthoftotalsupply,,theconsumptionofagriculturalproductsofmiddleandlowstandardbyfarmersandalargenumberofurbanresidentswithmiddleorlowincomehavebeenchecked,,itisnodoubtthatthetimehaspassedwhenthebalancebetweendemandandsupplywasdeterminedpurelybysupply,andth,ontheonehand,movefromagricultureandthecountrysidetomergeintonon-agriculturalsectorsandtheurbanareas,andontheotherhand,,underthepolicyof"takinggrainasthekey",reformandopeningandtheincreaseoffreeflowofrurallabour,,theruraleconomyisstillatsuchastagethattheprimaryobjectiveistoprovidepeoplewithenoughfoodandthatthenon-agriculturalsectoralmostdoesn’,cottonandotherproductsaswellasthedevelopmentofruralindustry,,farmerswerebetterfedandclothed,theyhadanurgentneedforincreasingincomes,whilethedevelopmentofthenon-agriculturalsectorwasconstrainedbylocalproductionelementsandthehighermarginalcostinexpandingthemarket,henceresultinginthereallocationoflargenumbersofrurantotheurbanareasisontheincrease,andthatthetownshipenterprisesandprivatesectorsaremovingtowards,,highqualityelementsarerequiredtobeinjectedintothec,capitalandagriculturalproductionmaterialiftheagriculturalgrowthistobectscaleandhavefairlyflexiblesystems,nthe80s-90s,whentechnology,talentsandcapitalwereabi,theadjustmentisconfrontedwiththeseriousproblemof"gapinthechangingdemand".raladjustmentafterthetraditionalindustrial/agriculturalproductshaveobtainedstable,eoffarmersandpromotethecapabilityofcon,wecanseethefollowing:Firstly,,thecurrentandexpectedexpenditureonhousing,"overtenthousandyuan"expensesw,,therurali,ifeachfarmerincreasestheconsumptionofanimalfoodandindirectlyconsumesanadditional50kgofgrain,…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantong,LuZhongyuan,HouYongzhi,LiuYongandFengJieAsacomplicatedandhugesystemengineeringundertaking,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectwillgenerateprofoundandlastingimpactonth,itisimperativetocorrectlyhandletherelationshipbetweenwatersavingandwaterdiversion,pollutioncontrolandwatersupply,environmentalprotectionandwaterutilization,pamongwatersupplyareas,waterreceivingareasandareasalongthewaterdiversionroutes,aswellastherela,effortsshouldbemadetostartwatersavingpriortowaterdiversion,andchangethesituationofext,industryandurbanconstruction,whichwillfatallyoffsettheeconomicandsocialef,,China’stotalwaterutilisationforagriculturalfieldirrigationhasreached344billionm3,%,theeffectiveutilisationrateofirrigationwaterisonly30-40%,whilethatofthedevelopedcountriesstandsat70-80%.InChina,grainproductioncapacitypercubicmeterofwaterisonlyaroundonekilogram,%oftheirrigatedareasinChina,thissystemleaksaway130billionm3ofwatereachyear,accountingformorethan70%,waterutilisationinin,theoutputofonetonofsteeluses23-56tonsofwater,whileintheUSA,JapanandGermany,,whileinthedevelopedcountries,,therateofre-utilisationofindustrialwaterisonly30-40%,whileitisover75%%,andinsomecities,itisashighasabove15%.Facedwiththeshortsupplyofwaterresource,thesituationofextensiveutilisation,thesouth-ges,soastoc’sextensiveutilisationandseriouswasteofwaterresourceincludetheoutdatedconceptionsaswellasthewaterre,itisnecessarytocompletethefollowingsixconceptionandinstitutionalchanges:(1)changetheconceptionthatregardswaterasinexhaustible,increasetheawarenessthatfreshwaterresourceislimited;(2)changethepracticeofonlypreventingthedamageofwatertohumanbeings,preventespeciallythedamageofhumanbeingstothewaterresourceaswell,soastoachieveharmoniousco-existenceofmanandnature;(3)changethepracticeoffocusingonwaterresourcedevelopment,utilisationandcontrol,strengthentheappropriateallocation,effectivesavingandreasonableutilisationofwaterresourceonthepremiseofprotectingandimprovingtheecologicalenvironment;(4)changethepracticeofwatersupplybasedondemand,increasewaterutilisationefficiencyandguaranteedwatersupply,makenationaleconomicdevelopmentplansandindustrialdistributionbasedonthedemandandsupplyconditionsofwaterresource;(5)changethepracticeof"givingequalprioritytoopeningupmorechannelsofsupplies,watersavingandpollutioncontrol"to"watersavingfirst,pollutioncontrolmust,andseekingmorewatersupplyfrommultiplechannels";and(6)changethewaterresourcemanagementdispersedinseveraldepartmentsundertheplannedeconomytoacentralizedmanagementthat"coversbothlandandwaterareas",,pollutionalongthebankoftheYangtseRiver–thewatersourceareaoftheeasternrouteofthesouth-to-northwaterdiversionproject–,largevolumeofuntreatedurbanwastewaterisdirectlydischargedintotheRiver,creatingatleastbanwasterwater,thewaterofthewatersourceareaalsoconcealspotentialproblemsofbio-pollutionbyspecificorganismsparticularlyfoundintheSouth,,relevantmeasuresshouldbeadoptedassoonaspossibletocontrolpollutionanddGanziregions,,theysufferfromserioussoilerosioncausedbydegeneratedgrasslands,desertificationandwildrats,whichnotonlyrunagainstwaterconservancyatthesource,butalsoseriouslythreatelutionandecologicaldamagesmalongthemiddleandeasternr,theprop%.In2001,eightministriesandgovernmentdepartments,includingtheStateEnvironmentalProtectionAdministrationandtheStateDevelopmentandPlanningCommission,carriedoutaninspection,whichdiscoveredthattherewasnofundamentalchangeinthestructuralpollutionalongtheHuaiRiver,anditwasespeciallydifficulttobring,52sewagedisposalplantsshouldbeconstructedintherivervalley,promotingco-ordinatedeconomicalongthewaterdiversionroutesAsahugecross-valleyandlong-distanceproject,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectmayinvolvestate-levelecologicalprotectionzonesoroftheseareas,,effortsshouldbemadetobringbenefitratherthanharmtotheareas,effectivelymaintaintheecologicalprotectionzonesandspeeduptheareasandtheconstructionofsmalltowns,resettlementanddevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesalongthe,themajorcausesofthedisasterincludedisrepairofthewaterconservancyprojectsandtheconstructionoftownshipandvillageenterpriseandprivatepremisesinsidetheflooddischargeandfloodstorageareas,,whileeffortsshouldbemadetoeffectivelyplanandprotecttheflooddischargeandstorageareas,relocatetheprivateandthetownshipandvillageenterprisepremisesfromtheareas,andincorporatetheeffortofconstructingsmalltownswiththatofacceleratingthedevelopmentof,effortsshouldbemadetoprotecttheimmediateinterestsofimmigrantsandensurethattheyarecontentwiththeirnewhousingandjobstopreventthemfromreturningtonativeplaces....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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